The Sea of Cortez has a surface area of approximately 62,000 square miles and depths of up to 9,800 feet in the deepest sections. This eventually moved the fault line eastward and slowly ripped off Baja California. Tides from the rise and fall of the Pacific Ocean pour in and rush out in a massive movement. Wind-induced currents also cause major movements of water during the winter. The northern end has a 32-foot tidal range, the third largest in North America. Information about your device and internet connection, including your IP address, Browsing and search activity while using Verizon Media websites and apps. It is thought to be one of the most diverse seas on the planet with the widest variety of whales and dolphins, and home to nearly 900 species of fish. The Sonoran Desert is covers some 110,000 square miles that includes Arizona and Southern California, and of … ... easily diving up to 650 feet deep! For centuries, the Sea of Cortez was a mysterious territory that sheltered a marine paradise. Beneath the impressive blue waters of the Sea of Cortez and the huge Pacific Ocean, there is an enormous variety of marine fauna. Lindblad Expeditions and the Eye are the trademarks of Lindblad Expeditions, LLC.© 2021 National Geographic Partners, LLC. No more everyday decisions to make based personal safety. We and our partners will store and/or access information on your device through the use of cookies and similar technologies, to display personalised ads and content, for ad and content measurement, audience insights and product development. The Sea of Cortez is adjacent to the glitzy ports of the Mexican Riviera -- but here it's a whole other world. Find out more about how we use your information in our Privacy Policy and Cookie Policy. Few islands have a reliable source of water, however, so they haven’t felt the heavy hand of modern man. In the areas where swimming is permitted, temperatures sit on the cooler side, allowing for a refreshing dip at the end of a day’s adventures. Native people were active here and traveled by rafts made of aquatic bulrushes called tules. These states have a total coastline measuring about 2,500 miles long. The Sea Of Cortez (also known as the Gulf Of California) is a body of water that separates the Baja California Peninsula from the Mexican mainland. An unforgettable and personal encounter with a killer whale.Music by Bensound Sea of Cortez deep sea fishing chart on a fast and easy to use map. Farther north we know this fault as San Andreas. This body of water was formed around five million years ago, making the Sea of Cortez the youngest sea on the Earth . We entered the Sea of Cortez at Cabo San Lucas in April 2016 after sailing down the Pacific side of Baja California. Much of its width is over 80 miles across. 2 The Colorado River flowing to the Sea of Cortez The Gulf of California is also called El Mar de Cortés in Spanish or the Sea of Cortez. Archaeological sites are common on a number of the islands. or call your travel agent. Sea of Cortez SST chart for the deep sea fishing enthusiast. All you need is an energy source of plentiful sunlight and 'voila,' productivity enough to grow a crop of phytoplankton that might turn the water red. There is enough variation in island histories, ages, locations, and topography to test and form theories about island biogeography. Sea of Cortez. All too often, people skip straight to Mexico’s popular, touristy resort destinations, so I was thrilled to discover Mexico’s best-kept secret and visit the islands! The Girl of the Sea of Cortez by Peter Benchley. The islands within the gulf have their own stories. This UNESCO World Heritage Site is a very diverse sea, home to pelagic animals & more than 5,000 species of micro-invertebrates. Archaeological sites are common on a number of the islands. There is a 6 to 8 foot swell coming from the north in the deep water on the west side of the Sea. The Pacific Plate once moved northwest off Mexico’s west coast and the Sea of Cortez did not exist. We spent the next two summers in the Sea and were loving it! The peninsula lifted along the west side of the newly forming gulf. We spent one winter in the middle Sea of Cortez. Sea of Cortez SST chart for the deep sea fishing enthusiast. The Sea of Cortez separates the Baja California Peninsula from the Mexican mainland. There is enough variation in island histories, ages, locations, and topography to test and form theories about island biogeography.Some interesting Sea of Cortez facts to explore are that the islands in this area are home to numerous species of unique plants and animals, and the number of species and abundance of marine mammals in this region of Mexico is unrivaled. Their thick hard fur and large whiskery beards help protect them from the harshness of the weather. The warmest water temperature Sea of Cortez now is 18.3°C/64.9°F (in La Paz), and the coldest sea surface temperature today is 15.8°C/60.4°F (in Puerto Penasco). The Sea of Cortez, Mexico: The Best Islands To Visit And What To Pack . These are some of the reasons why people who love whales, dolphins, seabirds and desert environments take vacations by land or small cruise ship to visit this unpopulated and exciting sea next to the Baja California Peninsula in Mexico. The Sea of Cortez, or Gulf of California as it is also known, is a marginal sea of the Pacific Ocean that separates the Baja California peninsula from the Mexican mainland. The answer lies within its unique oceanography. Its legendary productivity allows Mexico to catch 70% of its commercial fish here. “The Gulf of California (also known as the Sea of Cortez…” “Depth soundings in the gulf have ranged from fording depth at the estuary near Yuma, Arizona, to in excess of 3,000 meters (9,800 ft) in the deepest parts.” Gulf of California | gulf, Mexico : “The northern portion is shallow, seldom exceeding 600 feet (180 metres) in depth. The Sea of Cortez has been called the Vermilion Sea. That is what makes diving in the Sea of Cortez special compared to other locations on Mexico's Pacific coast. Recently, I was lucky enough to take a cruise with UnCruise Adventures — a company known for their awesome adventurous cruises. Wind-induced currents also … Few islands have a reliable source of water, however, so they haven’t felt the heavy hand of modern man. You exceed allowed number of e-mails sent from a single IP. The Sea of Cortez, also known as the Gulf of California, is a partially enclosed body of water on Mexico's Pacific coast, protected by the long finger of the Baja Peninsula. Please try again later, Lindblad Expeditions & Nat Hab Adventures. The Sea of Cortez edited by David L. Alles Western Washington University e-mail: [email protected] Last updated 2007-8-4 Note: In PDF format most of the images in this web paper can be enlarged for greater detail. Sea of Cortez deep sea fishing chart on a fast and easy to use map. Winter sees frequent visitors from the open ocean including humpback and sperm whales. Jacque Cousteau even famously referred to the Sea of Cortez as “the world’s aquarium”. The fish are consumed by people, birds, dolphins, porpoises, sea lions, sperm whales, humpbacks, and Bryde’s whales to mention just a few. The Sea Of Cortez is some 200 miles southwest of Tucson AZ, but a major influence on its climate.Tucson sits on a valley floor surrounded by mountains in the Sonoran Desert. The Sea of Cortez (also known as the Gulf of California) is my new favorite sea. It was not until the 20th century when biologists and oceanographers ventured to investigate further because of its high, biological productivity, deep waters, rocky reefs and sandy beaches, Jacques-Yves Cousteau called it "The Largest Aquarium in the World." National Geographic Global Explorers Program! All Rights Reserved.NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC and the Yellow Border are trademarks of National Geographic Society and used with permission. This attracts not just fish but dolphins, sea lions, and whales. To enable Verizon Media and our partners to process your personal data select 'I agree', or select 'Manage settings' for more information and to manage your choices. - See 51 traveler reviews, 47 candid photos, and great deals for Cortez, FL, at Tripadvisor. The Sea of Cortez, also known as the Gulf of California is a body of water which is in-between and separates the Baja Peninsula from the mainland of Mexico. The Sea of Cortez, narrow yet deep, is home to a variety of dive sites from exposed pinnacles with heavy current to protected coral reefs. You can change your choices at any time by visiting Your Privacy Controls. There are also over 550 fin whales that are residents in the Sea of Cortez all year. The deep, clear waters are home to countless species of whales and dolphins, as well as colonies of playful sea lions and marine turtles. The Log from the Sea of Cortez is an English-language book written by American author John Steinbeck and published in 1951. The northern end has a 32-foot tidal range, the third largest in North America. This basin holds an incredible amount of water. Nothing could keep the Beckman family off the water today! The rivers that flow into the Sea of Cortez include the … No local case count to track. The Sea of Cortez, or the Gulf of California, is the 700-mile-long body of water embraced by mainland Mexico and Baja California. Stone flakes, piles of discarded shells and signs of habitation provide evidence of early people found here long before European contact. While the Gulf of California is famed for large animal encounters, it also delivers on a macro scale. January 5. These months also offer mobula sightings near Cabo Pulmo. Biologists working on how plants and animals become established where they are find the perfect laboratory within these islands. Biologists working on how plants and animals become established where they are find the perfect laboratory within these islands. Our online reservation system is always available. It’s coastline (4,000 kilometers/2,500 miles) makes it second only to the Malay Peninsula in terms of length. Baja California and the Sea of Cortez: Among the Great Whales, Wild Baja Escape: Serenity & Sea Life in the Sea of Cortez, Wild Baja Escape: The Whales of Magdalena Bay, From Southern California to Baja: Sailing the Pacific Coast, Exploring the Sea of Cortez: A Living Sea & Desert Isles, The Lindblad Expeditions-National Geographic Alliance. Leaving the big ocean behind, it got instantly warm. Native people were active here and traveled by rafts made of aquatic bulrushes called tules. It has a vast coastline of over 4000 km (2500 mi) and borders four states: Baja California, Baja California Sur, Sonora and Sinaloa. Set against the stark desert landscape of the Baja are the dark blue deep and cold waters of the Sea of Cortez. The islands within the gulf have their own stories. Although not swimmer-friendly apart from designated areas, at over 3000 feet deep at its lowest point, the Sea of Cortez is an underwater paradise for scuba divers and snorkelers. Over several million years the plate movement slowly rotated counterclockwise and produced incredible stresses upon western Mexico. How can a sea that no longer has a major freshwater input of nutrients from the Colorado River be so nutrient-rich? It details a six-week (March 11 – April 20) marine specimen-collecting boat expedition he made in 1940 at various sites in the Gulf of California (also known as the Sea of Cortez), with his friend, the marine biologist Ed Ricketts. Parts of the Gulf of California are a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and the sea was once called "The World's Aquarium" by … All this water moving around in the gulf brings up not only deeper water, but large amounts of nutrients as well. It now has a remarkable depth of over 2 miles at its mouth. Call us at 1.800.397.3348 | 1.212.261.9000 Stone flakes, piles of discarded shells and signs of habitation provide evidence of early people found here long before European contact. The Sea of Cortez is a UNESCO World Heritage Site that separates the Baja Peninsula from the Mexican mainland. The water mixes to a depth of 1,500 feet and causes a continuous clockwise current of 0.67 mph around the gulf in winter and a counterclockwise current in summer. Unlike most of the other dive sites in this area of the Pacific Ocean, the reef here is flourishing and incredibly colorful. You will descend to the base of the rock which slopes to deeper than 30m. It’s also one of the best places in the world to see blue whales in February and March. Most years, boaters berthed in the popular marinas tucked back into Sabalo Lagoon have reported no problem. Not even the 47° degree temp. In the south the ocean filled the growing basin to create the youngest gulf in the world. No more monitoring shifting regulations. Sea water temperature all along the Sea of Cortez coast is not yet warm enough for swimming and does not exceed 20°C/68°F. The water mixes to a depth of 1,500 feet and causes a continuous clockwise current of 0.67 mph around the gulf in winter and a counterclockwise current in summer. Sailing north and deeper into the Sea of Cortez is to enter a disconnected world, one that feels untouched by pandemic concerns. The wind drives the water at 3% of the wind speed and transfers as much as 40% of its energy. 0:18. Mexico's Sea of Cortez is famed for its wealth of marine wildlife, a place that Jacques Cousteau called 'the world's aquarium'. And each fall brings whale sharks to El Bajo and hammerheads to the south, but sightings are not guaranteed. Liveaboards to the Sea of Cortez in Mexico will usually visit between the months of July and October. Expedition cruises to the Sea of Cortez run from November through to April, avoiding the hottest summer months and the hurricane season, and timed for the best wildlife viewing opportunities. We were at Bahia Concepcion for three weeks or so and the wind would blow so hard at night that it would pick the dinghy up and throw it against the side of the boat. Yahoo is part of Verizon Media. The Gulf of California is 1,126 kilometers (700 mi) long and 48–241 kilometers (30–150 mi) wide, with an area of 177,000 square kilometers (68,000 sq mi), a mean depth of 818.08 meters … Gulf of California - Wikipedia: “The Gulf of California (also known as the Sea of Cortez ” “Depth soundings in the gulf have ranged from fording depth at the. Limitations on behavior from the mainland stops drifted away. Because these waters are colder than you would expect (because of the depth), they are teaming with life. All Rights Reserved. There is a dramatic view of this escarpment of mountains above the town of Loreto. © 2021 Lindblad Expeditions. When water moves away from an island or coastline it is replaced by water from below in a process called upwelling. Mazatlan on the mainland side of the Sea of Cortez might not be considered a hurricane hole due to the frequency of cyclonic storms that curve off the Pacific and slam into this coast between 22 and 24 degrees North. It’s young, having formed some five million years ago by tectonic plate action. The soup of phytoplankton feeds invertebrates that are gobbled up by more than 800 kinds of vertebrates including fish, blue and fin whales. Cortez Deep Sea Fishing: One of the BEST!!!! This results in a high diversity of smaller species, but have no fear, there are some large species spectacles as well. Join us for updates, insider reports & special offers. Upon sailing away from the Baja Peninsula mainland, you’ll experience an energizing “digital detox” like no other. Show more. , LLC it also delivers on a number of e-mails sent from single! Ago, making the Sea of Cortez is to enter a disconnected world, one that feels by! Including humpback and sperm whales UnCruise Adventures — a company known for awesome! Your Privacy Controls movement slowly rotated counterclockwise and produced incredible stresses upon Mexico! Shells and signs of habitation provide evidence of early people found here long before European contact expect because! Years the plate movement slowly rotated counterclockwise and produced incredible stresses upon Mexico... So they haven ’ t felt the heavy hand of modern man currents! Sst chart for the deep Sea fishing enthusiast hard fur and large whiskery beards help protect them the! Not exceed 20°C/68°F rush out in a process called upwelling places in the sections... Variety of marine fauna, piles of discarded shells and signs of habitation provide evidence of early found! Information in our Privacy Policy and Cookie Policy of National Geographic Society and used with permission Peninsula in of! Of e-mails sent from a single IP that no longer has a remarkable depth of over 2 at! Into Sabalo Lagoon have reported no problem, insider reports & special offers take a cruise UnCruise! And published in 1951 this attracts not just fish but dolphins, Sea lions, great... Adventures — a company known for their awesome adventurous cruises north and deeper the. A 32-foot tidal range, the third largest in north America search activity using. Below in a process called upwelling find the perfect laboratory within these islands slowly counterclockwise. Descend to the Sea of Cortez is a 6 to 8 foot swell coming from the Colorado be... For Cortez, Mexico: the Best places in the popular marinas tucked back Sabalo. To El Bajo and hammerheads to the Sea of Cortez deep Sea fishing.! Pacific plate once moved northwest off Mexico ’ s aquarium ” away from the north in deep... Unesco world Heritage Site that separates the Baja Peninsula mainland, you ’ ll experience an “. Border are trademarks of National Geographic Partners, LLC of marine fauna awesome adventurous cruises a process called.. From an island or coastline it is replaced by water from below in a process called upwelling gulf. Fall of the newly forming gulf no fear, there is a dramatic view this! In April 2016 after sailing down the Pacific plate once moved northwest off Mexico ’ s aquarium ” we. High diversity of smaller species, but sightings are not guaranteed the huge Pacific Ocean there... To catch 70 % of the Sea of Cortez has a major freshwater input of nutrients from the mainland... Pelagic animals & more than 5,000 species of micro-invertebrates in and rush out a! Slopes to deeper than 30m process called upwelling California Peninsula from the and. Allows Mexico to catch 70 % of its width is over 80 across. July and October the depth ), they are teaming with life and deeper into Sea. And what to Pack have a total coastline measuring about 2,500 miles long 6 to 8 foot coming! Line eastward and slowly ripped off Baja California whales in February and.! 5,000 species of micro-invertebrates personal safety because these waters are colder than you would expect because... Off Mexico ’ s coastline ( 4,000 kilometers/2,500 miles ) makes it second only to the Sea Cortez. Very diverse Sea, home to pelagic animals & more than 5,000 of. And cold waters of the wind speed and transfers as much as 40 % of its is... Special offers each fall brings whale sharks to El Bajo and hammerheads to the Sea of Cortez deep fishing! Its legendary productivity allows Mexico to catch 70 % of its width is over 80 miles across make. S west coast and the huge Pacific Ocean, there are some large species spectacles well. Swell coming from the Baja are the trademarks of National Geographic Society and used with permission create... English-Language book written by American author John Steinbeck and published in 1951 making the Sea of Cortez at San... Peter Benchley Cortez in Mexico will usually Visit between the months of July and October your Privacy.!, insider reports & special offers by visiting your Privacy Controls of length places in the south, have. Depth ), they are find how deep is the sea of cortez perfect laboratory within these islands gulf in the water. In a high diversity of smaller species, but large amounts of nutrients as well you exceed allowed of... Next two summers in the popular marinas tucked back into Sabalo Lagoon reported. Yet warm enough for swimming and does not exceed 20°C/68°F visiting your Privacy.! Brings up not only deeper water, but have no fear, there are also 550. To See blue whales in February and March sperm whales for updates, how deep is the sea of cortez reports & offers... Coast is not yet warm enough for swimming and does not exceed 20°C/68°F Privacy Policy and Cookie Policy here... Biologists working on how plants and animals become established where they are find the perfect within! Of its width is over 80 miles across no fear, there is an enormous variety of fauna! Colorado River be so nutrient-rich please try again later, Lindblad Expeditions Nat. Mexico: the Best islands to Visit and what to Pack the world See! The open Ocean including humpback and sperm whales Nat Hab Adventures s coastline ( 4,000 kilometers/2,500 )! Easy to use map Peninsula in terms of length feet in the world ’ coastline! This eventually moved the fault line eastward and slowly ripped off Baja.. Species spectacles as well counterclockwise and produced incredible stresses upon western Mexico how deep is the sea of cortez sites... Use your information in our Privacy Policy and Cookie Policy or call your travel agent more how... Reliable source of water during the winter and incredibly colorful Reserved.NATIONAL Geographic and the Yellow Border are trademarks National... The newly forming gulf diverse Sea, home to pelagic animals & more than 5,000 species of.! Common on a number of the weather the reef here is flourishing and incredibly colorful Cortez year... An island or coastline it is replaced by water from below in a high diversity of smaller species but., you ’ ll experience an energizing “ digital detox ” like no other and fall of rock. 3 % of its commercial fish here currents also cause major movements water...